International agreements concluded by Germany in 2019

Published: 13 January 2020 Authors: Stefan Talmon and Zoé Flöer

In 2019 Germany signed some 90 bilateral agreements. The most significant agreement in political terms was the Treaty on Franco-German Cooperation and Integration, signed in Aachen on 22 January 2019 (the “Aachen Treaty”). The Treaty, signed on the 56th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty, further developed and enhanced the cooperation between the two countries. By far the most bilateral agreements were concluded with the United States concerning the exemption and benefits of U.S. enterprises serving U.S. troops in Germany under the Supplementary Agreement to the NATO Status of Forces Agreement.

In contrast, Germany signed just two multilateral treaties during that period. In addition, Germany signed numerous non-binding Memoranda of Understanding and Declarations of Intent. The following is an incomplete list compiled from public sources:

Bilateral agreements

2019/05/15Agreement with Indonesia on technical cooperation in the areas of effective governance, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) and the protection of the environment and biodiversity, signed in Jakarta

2019/01/07Financial contribution agreement with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), signed in The Hague
2019/01/21Agreement with the Ministry of Defence of Uzbekistan on cooperation in the military field, signed in Berlin
2019/01/22Treaty on Franco-German Cooperation and Integration, signed in Aachen
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “URS Federal Services, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-IT-24-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Leidos, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-IT-25-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “SBD Alliant, LLC” (No. DOCPER-IT-26-01) , effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-50), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-51), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-52), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-53), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-54), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-55), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-56), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-57), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “General Dynamics Information Technology, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-40-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Aspen Consulting, LLC” (No. DOCPER-TC-46-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/01/31Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “PowerTrain, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-81-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/02/05Agreement with the Government of Morocco on financial cooperation 2017, signed in Rabat
2019/02/05Agreement with the Government of Morocco on three accompanying measures of financial cooperation 2017, signed in Rabat
2019/02/19Agreement with the East African Community (EAC) on financial cooperation 2018, signed in Arusha
2019/02/19Agreement with the East African Community (EAC) on technical cooperation 2018, signed in Arusha
2019/02/20Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “CACI NSS, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-AS-109-03), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/02/20Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “ACF Technologies, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-IT-21-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/02/20Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Ecompex, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-82-01 ACF), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/02/28Agreement with the Government of Laos on financial cooperation 2018, signed in Vientiane
2019/03/14Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-07-47), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/03/14Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Armed Forces Services Corporation” (No. DOCPER-TC-57-03), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/03/14Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.” (No. DOCPER-TC-59-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/03/14Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Credence Management Solutions, LLC” (No. DOCPER-TC-76-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/04/14Agreement with UNESCO on Germany’s financial contribution to the restoration of the Aghawat mosque in Mosul, signed in Baghdad
2019/05/01Agreement with the Ministry of Defence of the United States of America on the secondment of personnel of the German defence sector to CENTCOM, signed at the MacDill Air Force Base, Florida
2019/05/08Project agreement with the United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime (UNODC)in order t strengthen security forces in the fight against terrorism & transnational organized crime in BurkinaFaso, signed in Geneva
2019/05/15Agreement with Indonesia on technical cooperation in the areas of effective governance, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) and the protection of the environment and biodiversity, signed in Jakarta
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-AS-39-41), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “ALEX-Alternative Experts, LLC“ (No. DOCPER-AS-116-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “MDB Group, LLC“ (No. DOCPER-AS-135-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “CSRA LLC“ (No. DOCPER-AS-145-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Invictus International Consulting, LLC“ (No. DOCPER-AS-150-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Wittenberg Weiner Consulting, LLC“ (No. DOCPER-AS-155-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Systems Plus, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-68-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Science Applications International Corporation“ (No. DOCPER-AS-11-40), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “CACI Inc. Federal“ (No. DOCPER-AS-18-06), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “ITility, L.L.C.“ (No. DOCPER-AS-140-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “General Dynamics Information Technology, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-40-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Manufacturing Engineering Systems, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-58-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/05/28Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Wyle Laboratories, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-83-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/06/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Nexsys Electronics, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-IT-27-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/06/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany „Power Train, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-81-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/06/04Agreement with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) on financial cooperation, effected by exchange of notes in Port of Spain on 25 April and 4 June 2019
2019/06/11Agreement with the Central American Integration System (SICA) on financial cooperation, effected by exchange of notes in San Salvador on 20 May and 11 June 2019
2019/06/11Agreement with the United Nations Development Programme in Belarus concerning Germany’s financial contribution to the State Border Committee of Belarus’ fight against the transboundary illegal trade in arms, signed in Minsk3
2019/06/17Framework agreement with the Governments of France and Spain concerning the development of a Future Combat Air System (FCAS), signed in Le Bourget
2019/06/17Implementation agreement with the Governments of France and Spain concerning a concept study for the Future Combat Air System (FCAS), signed in Le Bourget
2019/06/18Agreement with the Government of Zambia on financial cooperation 2018, signed in Lusaka
2019/06/24Financial cooperation agreement with Namibia, singed in Windhoek
2019/07/05Agreement with the Government of Nepal on financial cooperation 2018, signed in Kathmandu
2019/07/30Financial and technical cooperation agreements with Bangladesh, signed in Dhaka

2019/07/30Agreement with the Government of Bangladesh on financial cooperation 2017 and 2018, signed in Dhaka
2019/08/01Agreement with the Government of Jordan on financial cooperation 2018 and development cooperation within the special initiative “combatting the causes of flight – reintegrating refugees”, singed in Amman
2019/08/02Agreement with the Government of Tajikistan on financial cooperation 2017 – 2019, signed in Dushanbe
2019/08/15Agreement with the Government of Uganda on financial cooperation 2017, signed in Kampala
2019/08/15Agreement with the Government of Uganda on technical cooperation 2017, signed in Kampala
2019/08/15Agreement with the Government of Uganda on financial cooperation 2018, singed in Kampala
2019/08/15Agreement with the Government of Uganda on technical cooperation 2018, singed in Kampala
2019/08/30Agreement with the Government of India on financial cooperation 2018, signed in New-Delhi
2019/09/10Implementation protocol to the Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Armenia on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation, signed in Berlin
2019/09/19Financial agreement with Kosovo providing a grant of 500,000 euros for the Kosovo Security Force (KSF), signed in Pristina
2019/09/20Agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on financial support of stabilization and development in the Lake Chad region, signed in New York
2019/10/09Agreement with Tanzania on German Government support for the Tanzanian Armed Forces, signed in Dar es Salaam
2019/10/10Technical assistance agreement with Pakistan under the Pakistan-Germany Development Programme worth 23.4 million Euro,  signed in Islamabad
2019/10/15Agreement with the Government of Côte d’Ivoire on the establishment of a delegation of German Industry and Commerce in Côte d’Ivoire, effected by exchange of notes in Abidjan on 20 August and 15 October 2019
2019/10/16Agreement with Tanzania on improving the health system, signed in Dar es Salaam
2019/10/16Administrative Agreement with the Ministry of the Interior of the French Republic on the creation of a German-French unit of the Federal Police and the Gendarmerie nationale, singed in Toulouse
2019/10/23Agreement by exchange of letters with France on rules governing the export of jointly-produced weapons, signed in Paris
2019/10/24Financial and technical agreements with Ethiopia, signed in Addis Ababa
2019/10/25Agreement with Armenia on financial cooperation in 2016, signed in Yerevan

2019/10/25Agreement with the Government of India on financial cooperation 2019 (I), signed in New-Delhi
2019/10/31Agreement with the Ministry of Defence of Argentina on defence cooperation, signed in Buenos Aires
2019/11/08Agreement with the Government of Burkina Faso regarding the equipment assistance programme of Germany for foreign armed forces and the dispatch of a technical advisory group of the Bundeswehr to Burkina Faso, signed in Ouagadougou
2019/11/19Two financial and technical cooperation agreements for 2017 with Egypt, signed in Berlin
2019/11/19Two financial and technical cooperation agreements for 2018 with Egypt, signed in Berlin
2019/11/19Protocol for Egyptian-German joint cooperation for 2019, signed in Berlin
2019/11/19Grant agreement with Egypt, singed in Berlin

2019/11/26Funding agreement with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) concerning job creation and training in Senegal and Ethiopia, signed in Berlin
2019/11/26Agreement with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) concerning the Investment and Technology Promotion Office (ITPO) in Bonn, signed in Berlin
2019/11/29Financial contribution agreement with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), singed in Geneva
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Nexsys Electronics, Inc. (DBA Medweb)“ (No. DOCPER-IT-27-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-07-31), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-07-48), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Sterling Medical Associates, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-07-59), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “GBX Consultants, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-49-02), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Wyle Laboratories, Inc.“ (No. DOCPER-TC-83-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/03Agreement with the Government of the United States of America regarding the granting of exemptions and benefits to enterprises charged with providing troop care services for the United States Forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany “Kapili Services, LLC“ (No. DOCPER-TC-84-01), effected by exchange of notes in Berlin
2019/12/05Financial support agreement with the International Trade Centre (ITC), signed in Geneva
2019/12/09Grant agreement to guarantee quality assurance in agricultural production with Egypt, signed in Cairo

2019/12/10Agreement with the Government of Mexico on financial cooperation (project: “Community Environmental Protection Programme II”), effected by exchange of notes in Mexico City
2019/12/13Funding agreement with the Mekong River Commission, signed in Vientiane

2019/12/17Grant agreement with Sri Lanka, signed in Colombo
2019/12/17Grant agreement with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) concerning the provision of funds to the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), signed in Geneva
2019/12/17Financing agreement with Ivory Coast concerning reforms in the renewable energy sector, signed in Abidjan

Multilateral agreements

2019/07/16Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships of 15 May 2009, instrument of ratification deposited
2019/11/02Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, instrument of accession signed in Bangkok/Nonthaburi

Memoranda of Understanding

2019/01/18Memorandum of Understanding to develop cooperation on agricultural technologies between the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture and the Turkish Ministry of Agriculture and Forest, signed in Berlin

2019/02/07Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Labour of Iran and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) on future German-Iranian cooperation on vocational education and training, signed in Teheran
2019/02/12Memorandum of Understanding to establish the German-Ghanaian Business Council between the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy and  the Ghanaian Ministry for Trade and Industry, signed in Accra

2019/02/21Memorandum of Understanding with Belarus on the extension of their partnership in the framework of the Manager Training Programme until 2021, signed in Minsk
2019/03/25Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Planning and Investment of Vietnam and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy on the extension of their partnership in the framework of the Manager Training Programme until 2021, signed in Hanoi

2019/04/25Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Pakistan concerning development cooperation in the energy and other sectors, signed in Islamabad
2019/05/10Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Pakistan concerning financial assistance to strengthen Pakistan’s renewable energy sector and gird connections, support the Refugee-Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) programme and strengthen Pakistan’s TVET infrastructure, signed in Islamabad
2019/06/24Memorandum of Understanding with Ethiopia concerning the establishment of the Ethiopia-German Joint Commission, signed in Berlin

 

2019/06/26Memorandum of Understanding with the Netherlands on the Tactical Edge Networking (TEN) programme concerning the digitization of their land forces, signed in Brussels
2019/08/15Memorandum of Understanding with the Rwanda Development Board concerning job creation, skills development and investment, signed in Kigali
2019/08/29Memorandum of Understanding with Mongolia on the extension of their partnership in the framework of the Manager Training Programme until 2022, signed in Ulaanbaatar
2019/10/02Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of the Netherlands on collaboration on the development of systems for the detection of radio signals, signed in Berlin
2019/11/01Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of India on the extension of Indo-German partnership in higher education, signed in New Delhi

2019/11/01Addendum to the Memorandum of Understanding between India and Germany on cooperation in the field of higher education for extension of the period of Indo-German partnership in higher education, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/29Memorandum of Understanding with Morocco for the implementation of the “Partnership for Reforms”, signed in Berlin
2019/12/17Memorandum of Understanding with Ethiopia concerning cooperation within the framework of the Manager Training Programme, signed in Berlin

Declarations of Intent

2019/01/21Joint Declaration with Uzbekistan on the extension of their cooperation in the Manager Training Programme, signed in Berlin
2019/01/21Joint Declaration with Uzbekistan on economic policy advice to the Government of Uzbekistan, signed in Berlin
2019/02/07Joint Declaration of Intent with Portugal on the extension of their cooperation in vocational education and training, signed in Lisbon
2019/02/25Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of the United States of America on labour cooperation, signed in Washington D.C.
2019/03/07Joint Declaration with Croatia on intensified cooperation with associated action plan, signed in Berlin

2019/03/25Joint Declaration of Intent to deepen trade and economic relations between the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, signed in Hanoi
2019/03/27Joint Declaration with the Netherlands concerning international tax matters, signed in Berlin
2019/04/01Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of Sweden on a German – Swedish partnership for innovation (innovation and cooperation for a sustainable future), signed in Hanover
2019/04/09Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management of the Netherlands on the cooperation in promoting rail freight operations, signed in Berlin
2019/04/09Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of Chile on the establishment of an energy partnership, signed in Berlin
2019/04/13Joint Declaration of Intent between the World Bank Group and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development on fostering cooperation on sustainable and inclusive development in the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA), signed in Washington D.C.
2019/04/16Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan on German-Japanese Cooperation on the Promotion of Research and Development in Advanced Artificial Intelligence, signed in Tokyo
2019/05/21Declaration of Intent between the Minister of Defence of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Federal Minister of Defence of the Federal Republic of Germany on the further enhancement of bilateral relations in the field of security and defence, signed in Berlin
2019/06/24Joint Declaration of Intent with Ethiopia concerning the establishment of a German-Ethiopian binational commission, signed in Berlin
2019/07/04Joint Declaration of Intent with Kazakhstan concerning the continuation of Kazakhstan’s participation in the Manager Training Programme of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, signed in Berlin
2019/07/04Joint Declaration of Intent with Mexico on the extension of their cooperation in vocational education and training, signed in Mexico City
2019/07/16Joint Declaration of Intent with Nepal on the establishment of a bilateral political consultation mechanism, signed in Kathmandu
2019/07/29Joint Declaration of Intent with Ghana on cooperation in vocational education and training, signed in Accra
2019/08/20Joint Declaration of Intent with the Philippines concerning the establishment of a Joint Economic Commission (JEC) as a platform for expanding bilateral trade and investments, signed in Berlin
2019/09/11Joint Declaration of Intent with Slovakia on the extension of their cooperation in vocational education and training, signed in Bratislava
2019/09/23Joint Declaration of Intent by Germany, France, Italy and Malta on a controlled emergency procedure – voluntary commitments by [EU] Member States for a predictable temporary solidarity mechanism, signed in Birgu (Malta)
2019/10/02Joint Declaration of Intent between the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy on the energy transition, signed in Berlin

2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India on consultations between the Federal Foreign Office and the Indian Ministry of External Relations for the period 2020-2024, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India regarding cooperation on strategic projects (railway sector), signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India on Indo-German partnership for green urban mobility, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India for joint cooperation in research & development on artificial intelligence, signed in New Delhi

2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India regarding the cooperation in the field of prevention of marine litter, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India on cooperation in the field of civil aviation, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India on cooperation within the international smart cities network, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India on the establishment of bilateral cooperation project regarding agricultural market development, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Joint Declaration of Intent with India on cooperation in the field of skills development and vocational education and training, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Declaration of Intent with India on strengthening economic cooperation in the field of start-ups, signed in New Delhi
2019/11/01Statement of Intent with India on the key elements of the Indo-German migration and mobility partnership agreement, signed in New Delhi
2019/12/11Joint Declaration of Intent between the Governments of Colombia, Norway, Germany and the United Kingdom on cooperation on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and on promoting sustainable development in Colombia, signed in Madrid

Category: Law of treaties

 

Prof. Dr. Stefan Talmon LL.M. M.A

Stefan Talmon is Professor of Public Law, Public International Law and European Union Law, and Director at the Institute of Public International Law at the University of Bonn. He is also a Supernumerary Fellow of St. Anne’s College, Oxford, and practices as a Barrister from Twenty Essex, London. He is the editor of GPIL.

Zoé Flöer

Zoé Flöer studies law at the University of Bonn. She is also a student research assistant at the Bonn Institute for Public International Law.

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