International agreements concluded by Germany in 2017

Published: 03 January 2018 Author: Stefan Talmon

In 2017 Germany signed more than 60 bilateral agreements and undertook treaty action with regard to nine multilateral treaties. In addition, Germany signed numerous non-binding Memoranda of Understanding and Declarations of Intent. The following is an incomplete list compiled from public sources:

Bilateral Agreements

2017/01/12Agreement with Moldova on social security, signed in Chisinau
2017/03/15Visa Waiver Agreement for Diplomatic and Service passports with Kuwait, signed in Kuwait City
2017/03/24Agreement with the Government of Mozambique on financial cooperation 2015-2016, signed in Maputo
2017/03/27Agreement with the Government of Jordan on financial cooperation 2015 and development cooperation regarding the special initiative “Combat causes of flight – reintegrate refugees”, signed in Amman
2017/03/28Agreement with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Austria on cooperation in the joint centre Passau, signed in Passau
2017/03/30Agreement with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) providing 36 million euros to strengthen IGAD’s draught-migration projects, signed in Djibouti
2017/03/31Agreement with the Government of Mauritania on Financial Cooperation 2016, signed in Nouakchott
2017/04/12Agreement with the Government of Malawi (together with the Governments of Norway and the United Kingdom, the World Bank and UNICEF) on financial support of Malawi’s Education Services Joint Fund (ESJF); and agreement on a Common Fiduciary Oversight Arrangement (CFOA), signed in Lilongwe
2017/04/18Agreement with the Council of Ministers of Albania on financial cooperation 2012 for the project “Municipal Infrastructure IV”, signed in Tirana
2017/04/21Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 7 April 2017 and 21 April 2017 with the Government of Columbia on financial cooperation
2017/04/30Agreement with Ministry of Defence of Saudi Arabia on the training of Saudi military personnel in German military installations
2017/05/02Agreement with the Council of Ministers of Albania on financial cooperation 2016 for the project “Fund for Vocational Training and Employment”, signed in Tirana
2017/05/02Agreement with the Government if Albania on financial cooperation 2016 for the project “Program for energy-efficient refurbishment of dormitories on the University Campus of Tirana, Phase II”, signed in Tirana
2017/05/15Agreement with the Government of Bangladesh on financial cooperation 2016 (“Financing of environmental and security-relevant adaptation investments in the textile sector”), signed in Dhaka
2017/05/17Agreement with the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) on financial cooperation 2016 (Water Supply and Sanitation Program Central America III), signed in Tegucigalpa
2017/05/29Agreement with the Government of India on financial cooperation 2015, signed in Berlin
2017/05/29Agreement with the Government of India on financial cooperation 2016, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Agreement with the Government of Kosovo on financial cooperation 2016, signed in Pristina
2017/05/30Agreements with the Government of Uganda on technical and financial cooperation, signed in Kampala
2017/06/07Agreement with the Government of Laos on financial cooperation 2016 -2017, signed in Vientiane
2017/06/09Agreement with the Government of Nepal on financial cooperation, signed in Kathmandu
2017/06/12Agreement with Government of Egypt on four priority projects of the financial collaboration, signed in Berlin
2017/06/27Agreement with the Government of Mongolia on financial cooperation, 2016-2017 program energy efficiency, signed in Ulan Bator
2017/06/28Agreement with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) on development cooperation, signed in Berlin
2017/07/10Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 4 July 2017 and 10 July 2017 with the Government of Brazil on financial cooperation (project “REDD Early Movers (REM) Mato Grosso”)
2017/07/10Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 4 July 2017 and 10 July 2017 with the Government of Brazil on financial cooperation (project “REDD Early Movers Acre II”)
2017/07/06Joint Declaration of Intent on cybersecurity cooperation with Singapore, signed in Berlin
2017/07/12Agreement with the Government of Mozambique on financial cooperation 2016, signed in Maputo
2017/07/13Agreement with France on the development of a new combat aircraft programme, announced in Berlin
2017/07/17Agreement with the Government of Japan on transfer of defence equipment and defence technology, signed in Berlin
2017/07/21Agreement with Ethiopia on the financing of a dormitory within the newly-established Training Centre for Peace and Security, signed in Addis Ababa
2017/07/31Agreement with Jordan on financial cooperation and development cooperation regarding the special initiative “Combat causes of flight B reintegrate refugees”, signed in Amman
2017/08/15Cooperation agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on financial assistance to support civic and community-based reconciliation across Iraq, signed in Baghdad
2017/08/15Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 11 August 2017 and 15 August 2017 with the General Secretariat of the System of Central American Integration (GS-SICA) on financial cooperation (project “Agrobiodiversity in Central America”)
2017/08/24Agreement with Cameroon for the avoidance of double taxation of air transport companies with respect to taxes on Income and capital, signed at Yaounde
2017/08/25Agreement with the Government of Zambia on financial cooperation 2015-2016, signed in Lusaka
2017/08/27Agreement with Egypt on bilateral dialogue on migration, signed in Berlin
2017/08/30Agreement with the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) on cooperation in the health sector, signed in Yaoundé
2017/08/31Agreement with the Government of Cameroon on financial cooperation 2015 (Part II) and 2016, signed in Yaoundé
2017/08/31Agreement with the Government of Cameroon on financial cooperation 2016 II, signed in Yaoundé
2017/09/04Agreement with the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the Convention from Paris on the United Nations Conference on Climate Change – November 2017, signed in Bonn
2017/09/21Agreement with Niger on the provision of military equipment to Nigeria, signed in Niamey
2017/09/22Agreement with the Government of Uganda on financial cooperation 2016, signed in Kampala
2017/09/25Agreement with Andean Development Corporation (CAF) on financial cooperation (Project: “Climate and Environmentally Friendly Urban Development” and “Regional Electricity Saving Program”), signed in Lima
2017/10/05Agreement with Lithuania on exhibiting in Lithuania the Act of Reinstating Independence of Lithuania of 16 February 1918, signed in Berlin
2017/10/11Agreement on financial cooperation in the form of an exchange of notes of 31 August 2017 and 11 October 2017 with the Government of Myanmar implementing the agreement on development cooperation of 2 April 2015
2017/10/11Agreement on financial cooperation in the form of an exchange of notes of 5 September 2017 and 11 October 2017 with the Government of Myanmar implementing the agreement on development cooperation of 2 April 2015
2017/10/19Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 11 August 2017 and 19 October 2017 with the General Secretariat of the System of Central American Integration (GS-SICA) on financial cooperation
2017/10/25Agreement with the Government of Malawi on development aid, signed in Lilongwe
2017/10/30Agreement with the Government of Cambodia on financial cooperation 2017-2018, signed in Phnom Penh
2017/10/31Four financial and technical agreements with the Government of Pakistan
2017/11/07Several agreements with the Government of Jordan on development aid
2017/11/08Agreement with the Central African Forestry Commission on financial cooperation 2015 (Project “Promotion of certified forest management”), signed in Yaoundé
2017/11/14Agreement with the Government of Malawi on financial cooperation, signed in Lilongwe
2017/11/15Agreements with Madagascar on technical and financial cooperation, signed in Antananarivo
2017/11/16Agreement with the Government of Georgia on the exchange and mutual protection of classified information, signed in Tbilisi
2017/11/16Agreement with the Commission of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) on development cooperation, signed at Abuja
2017/11/20Agreement with the East African Community (EAC), an inter-governmental organization of six East African States, on financial cooperation 2017 (“Promotion of Vaccination Programme in the East African Community in collaboration with GAVIAlliance” and “EAC scholarship programme”), signed in Arusha
2017/11/20Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 21 September 2017 and 20 November 2017 with the Government of Brazil on financial cooperation (project “REDD Early Movers (REM) Mato Grosso”)
2017/11/20Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 21 September 2017 and 20 November 2017 with the Government of Brazil on financial cooperation (project “Amazon funds”)
2017/11/23Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 20 November 2017 and 23 November 2017 with the Government of Columbia on financial cooperation (project “Sector reform program in support of the Peace Process, Phases IV and V”)
2017/11/24Agreements with Tajikistan on technical and financial cooperation, signed in Dushanbe
2017/11/28Agreement with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on Germany donating 750,000 euros to prepare Least Developed Countries for e-trade, signed in Geneva
2017/11/30Agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on Germany contributing 791ki or 938k$ to the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund, signed in Vienna
2017/11/30Agreement with India on Financial Cooperation in 2016, signed in New Delhi
2017/11/30Agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on Germany contributing 791k € or 938k $ to the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund, signed in Vienna
2017/11/30Agreement with India on Financial Cooperation in 2016, signed in New Delhi
2017/12/01Agreement with India on Financial Cooperation in 2016(II), signed in New Delhi
2017/12/01Agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on Germany donating 1 million euros to the Libya Stabilisation Facility [bringing Germany’s contribution to almost US$ 12 million], signed in Tunis
2017/12/01Agreement with the Central African Forest Commission on financial cooperation 2016 (“Sustainable Forest Management Program in Congo Basin – Tri-National Sangha Environmental Foundation (TNS) – Endowment Fund” and “Sustainable Forest Management Program in the Congo Basin – Environmental Foundation Tri-National Sangha (TNS) – investment measures”), signed in Yaoundé
2017/12/03Agreement on financial cooperation with the Government of Jordan in the form of an exchange of notes of 26 October 2017 and 3 December 2017 (“Support for reforms in the Jordanian water sector – Development Policy Loan”)
2017/12/05Agreement with the Government of South Africa on financial cooperation 2016, signed in Pretoria
2017/12/11Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes of 29 November 2017 and 11 December 2017 with the Government of Columbia on financial cooperation (project: “Program for the Promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energies”)
2017/12/20Agreement with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) on financial cooperation in 2017 providing for a grant of 9 million euros by Germany to FYROM, signed in Skopje
2017/12/20Agreement with the Government of Philippines on financial cooperation 2009, through an exchange of notes
2017/12/22Agreement with Nigeria on German financial support for polio eradication in Nigeria, signed in Abuja

Multilateral Agreements

2017/06/07Signature (subject to ratification) of the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting in Paris
2017/09/15Ratification of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, Kumamoto, 10 October 2013
2017/09/22Amendments to the Text and to Annexes I, II, III, IV, VI and VIII to the 1998 Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Geneva, 18 December 2009
2017/09/22Acceptance of the Amendments to Annexes I and II to the 1998 Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Geneva, 18 December 2009
2017/09/22Acceptance of the Amendments to the Text of and Annexes Other Than III and VII to the 1998 Protocol on Heavy Metals, Geneva, 13 December 2012
2017/09/22Acceptance of the Amendment of the Text and Annexes II to IX to the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone and the Addition of New Annexes X and XI, Geneva, 4 May 2012
2017/10/31Ratification of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, Seoul, 12 November 2012
2017/11/14Acceptance of the amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Kigali, 15 October 2016
2017/11/14Acceptance of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, Doha, 8 December 2012

Memoranda of Understanding

2017/01Memorandum of Understanding [“No-spy agreement”] with Switzerland prohibiting the two country’s intelligence service from carrying out espionage activities against the other
2017/02/18Memorandum of Understanding with Bangladesh on an implementation project to upgrade Bangladesh’s e-passport system, signed in Munich
2017/03/10Memorandum of Understanding with Italy for the continuation of the close partnership between Italy and Germany concerning the construction of submarines
2017/03/17Memorandum of Understanding with the competent authorities of the United States of America regarding the application of the arbitration procedure under paragraph 5 and 6 of Article 25 (Mutual Agreement Procedure) of the Convention Between the Federal Republic of Germany and the United States of America for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and Capital and to certain other Taxes signed on 29 August 1989 as amended by the Protocol signed on 1 June 2006 (“the Convention”)
2017/04/11Memorandum of Understanding on the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threads, signed [by Germany and 14 other EU Member States and the United States of America] in Helsinki
2017/05/30Memorandum of Understanding with India on sustainable urban development, signed in Berlin
2017/05/31Memorandum of Understanding with Indonesia on maritime cooperation, signed in Berlin. The MOU addresses maritime strategic cooperation, marine safety and security, maritime infrastructure investment, shipyard investment, research and technology cooperation as well as training
2017/06/26Memorandum of Understanding of the Pentalateral Energy Forum, consisting of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland, on emergency planning and crisis management for the power sector, signed in Luxembourg
2017/06/29Memorandum of Understanding with the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Norway for the acquisition of a European multinational fleet of Airbus tanker transport aircraft, signed in Brussels
2017/08/22Memorandum of Understanding with Norway on cooperation on naval defence materiel, signed at Eckernförde
2017/09/26Memorandum of Understanding with the United Kingdom concerning a German contribution of i1.5 million to the Lebanese Army’s land border project, signed in Tofeil
2017/10/23Memorandum of Understanding with Israel concerning the acquisition by Israel of three German-built Dolphin-class submarines
2017/11/17Memorandum of Understanding with the United States of America on a 10 million euro contribution by Germany to de-mining efforts in Raqqa, Syria

Declarations of Intent

 

2017/01/12Joint Declaration of Intent between the Ministry for Science and Technology of the Government of Japan and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research on Japanese-German cooperation on the promotion of research and development on automated driving technologies, signed in Berlin
2017/01/16Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of the United Arab Emirates on cooperation in the fields of energy, signed in Abu Dhabi
2017/01/23Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports of Kosovo on cooperation in the field of sports, signed in Pristina
2017/02/09Joint Declaration of Intent with the Ministry of Education of Kenya on the establishment of an “Eastern African-German University of Applied Sciences”, signed in Nairobi
2017/02/18Declaration of Intent with Bangladesh on political exchange on counter terrorism, signed in Munich
2017/03/20Joint Declaration of Intent with Austria, France, Italy, Libya, Malta, Slovenia, Switzerland, Tunisia and the European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship on regular coordination, cooperation and exchange of expertise and information in the management of mixed migration flows in the Central Mediterranean, signed in Rome
2017/03/21Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of Australia on the Energy and Resources Working Group, signed in Berlin
2017/03/26Joint Declaration of Intent with Tunisia on bilateral co-operation regarding Clean Development Mechanism project activities, signed in Tunis
2017/04/06Joint Declaration of Intent with the Ministry of Finance of Pakistan on Pakistan-German development cooperation, signed in Islamabad
2017/04/30Joint Declaration of Intent with the Ministry of Interior of Saudi Arabia on police cooperation, signed in Jeddah
2017/04/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Saudi Fund for Development and the Federal Ministry of Cooperation, Economy and Development in the field of development cooperation, signed in Jeddah
2017/05/12Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of Indonesia on the strengthening and deepening of the partnership in the field of technical and vocational education and training, signed in Jakarta
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of India on cooperation in the field of cyber policy, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development on Indo-German development cooperation, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Ministry of Urban Development of the Government of India on Indo-German development cooperation for sustainable urban development, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent with the Government of India on the continuation of the cooperation in the field of advanced training of corporate executives and junior executives from India, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology of the Government of India and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy on cooperation in the field of digitalization – empowerment and economic impact, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure and the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India on cooperation in the field of railway safety, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship of the Government of India on the advancement of dual VET and collaboration on training of VET cluster managers and Indian skill development officers, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent on the continued support of the Indo-German-Centre for Sustainability between the Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology of the Government of India and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India regarding cooperation in the health sector, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Federal Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Ayush of the Government of India regarding cooperation in the sector of alternative medicine, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Foreign Service Institute, Ministry of External Affairs, Republic of India and the Foreign Service Academy, Federal Foreign Office, signed in Berlin
2017/05/30Joint Declaration of Intent between the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Sector Enterprises of the Government of India and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research on cooperation in the field of vocational education and skill development for the machine tool sector, signed in Berlin
2017/06/12Joint Declarations of Intent with Ghana, Tunisia and Cote d’Ivoire to enter into a new partnership for private sector investments and sustainable economic development under Germany’s G20 “Compact with Africa” Initiative, signed in Berlin
2017/06/27Declaration of Intent with Sri Lanka on principles of fair recruitment of [Sri Lankan] personnel for training as geriatric nurses in the Federal Republic of Germany, signed in Berlin
2017/10/10Joint Declaration of Intent with the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India regarding carrying out of feasibility study on existing Chennai-Kazipet corridor of Indian Railways for increasing the speed trains to 200 kmph, signed in New Delhi
2017/11/13Notification on Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) to the Council and to the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, signed together with 22 other European Union member States in Brussels
2017/12/12Declaration of Intent with Ghana on the promotion of private investment in renewable energy and vocational training in Ghana, signed in Accra

Category: Law of treaties

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Author

  • Stefan Talmon is Professor of Public Law, Public International Law and European Union Law, and Director at the Institute of Public International Law at the University of Bonn. He is also a Supernumerary Fellow of St. Anne’s College, Oxford, and practices as a Barrister from Twenty Essex, London. He is the editor of GPIL.

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